The history of Orvieto begins in the ninth century BC. This Umbrian city, build on top of a tufa platform, has a very strategic location. It was one of the major cities of the Etruscan League of Twelve Cities and fell in 264 BC in the fight against the Romans. The fanum Voltumnae, the most important Etruscan sanctuary, was probably located in or near Orvieto.
In Orvieto, the tangible memory of the Etruscans can still be found at several necropoli, such as the Croce del Tufo, at the remains of the Belvedere Temple of which only the podium remains and in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale and the Museo Claudio Faina, both at Piazza del Duomo.
At this Piazza, you are at the foot of the most famous historical building of Orvieto: the Duomo, with its spectacular Gothic façade, that was build between the late 13th and early 16th century.
In the "rock" on which Orvieto is built, hundreds of caves and cellars are carved out, sometimes more than three levels below the houses. Most were carved in the Middle Ages, but also in the Etruscan period the rock has been excavated significantly. There are now more than 1,200 of these cavern mapped. This Sotterranea Orvieto, which threatens the stability of the city can be visited with a guide.
Distance from Podere Luchiano ca. 50 km / 50 minutes by car.